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Potential Causes of Pelvic Pain in Women

Last updated 3 years ago

Pelvic pain is a symptom that no woman should ignore. It may be a sign of a minor condition or it could be a signal of something much more serious, so a visit to the gynecologist should not be put on hold when pain is present. Pelvic pain may worsen during sex or menstruation, or it could be a fairly consistent problem depending on its cause. Continue reading for a look at just a few of the possible causes of pelvic pain.


Women with endometriosis can have minor to severe pain that is worst just before and during menstruation. Pain is caused by an overgrowth of the endometrium, or lining of the uterus, which sheds during menstruation. Along with pain, women might have heavy bleeding and digestive discomfort.

Ovarian and Uterine Growths

Polyps, cysts, and fibroids are all possible growths that may occur in the uterus, ovaries, or other reproductive organs. Growths of this nature are often benign, but they can be very painful and have effects like bloating, painful intercourse, or vomiting and nausea.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

A number of different sexually transmitted diseases may result in pelvic inflammatory disease, which causes swelling of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. This condition can be prevented with regular testing and, if necessary, early STD treatment. Left untreated, it will not only cause pain, but could be a factor in infertility.


Pelvic pain is not always an indicator of conditions affecting the reproductive organs. Appendicitis can cause sudden, severe pain that is felt in the right lower abdomen and often accompanied by vomiting and fever. Appendicitis is an emergency condition that should be addressed immediately if suspected.

For superior women’s healthcare services, including robotically assisted gynecologic surgery for conditions such as fibroids and endometriosis, you can rely on St. Petersburg General Hospital. You can connect with us for a more detailed look at our services online or at (888) 741-5122.


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